MATRIX VISION - mvBlueCOUGAR-X/-XD Technical Documentation
mvBlueCOUGAR-X102eGE (1.3 Mpix [1280 x 1024])

Introduction

The CMOS sensor module (EV76C661) incorporates the following features:

  • resolution to 1280 x 1024 gray scale or RGB Bayer mosaic
  • supports window AOI mode with faster readout
  • high dynamic range
  • enhanced infrared sensitivity
  • global snapshot shutter
  • Line scan mode
  • programmable readout timing with free capture windows and partial scan
  • many trigger modes (free-running, hardware-triggered)

Details of operation

The sensor uses two acquisition modes:

  • rolling shutter (mvShutterMode = "RollingShutter") and
  • global reset release shutter (mvShutterMode = "mvGlobalShutter").

With the rolling shutter the lines are exposed for the same duration, but at a slightly different point in time:

Note
Moving objects together with a rolling shutter can cause a shear in moving objects.

The global reset release shutter, which is only available in triggered operation, starts the exposure of all rows simultaneously and the reset to each row is released simultaneously, too. However, the readout of the lines is equal to the readout of the rolling shutter: line by line:

Note
This means, the bottom lines of the sensor will be exposed to light longer! For this reason, this mode will only make sense, if there is no extraneous light and the flash duration is shorter or equal to the exposure time.

Furthermore, the sensor offers two operating modes:

  • free running mode (Overlapping exposure and readout)
  • snapshot mode (Sequential exposure and readout) in triggered operation

Free running mode

In free running mode, the sensor reaches its maximum frame rate. This is done by overlapping erase, exposure and readout phase. The sensor timing in free running mode is fixed, so there is no control when to start an acquisition. This mode is used with trigger mode Continuous.

To calculate the maximum frames per second (FPSmax) in free running mode you will need following formula:

Name Value
InternalLineLength 944
InternalADCClock 120
                                           2             ImageHeight + 10 
FrameTime =  InternalLineLength * ---------------- * (-----------------)
                                  InternalADCClock          1000


If exposure time is lower than frame time:

                 1
FPS_max =  -------------
            FrameTime

If exposure time is greater than frame time:

                 1
FPS_max =  --------------
            ExposureTime

Snapshot mode

In snapshot mode, the image acquisition process consists off several sequential phases:

Trigger

Snapshot mode starts with a trigger. This can be either a hardware or a software signal.

The following trigger modes are available:

Setting ("GenICam") Mode / Setting ("Device Specific") Description
"TriggerSelector = FrameStart"
"TriggerMode = Off"
Continuous Free running, no external trigger signal needed.
"TriggerSelector = FrameStart"
"TriggerMode = On"
"TriggerSource = Software"
"ExposureMode = Timed"

To trigger one frame execute the TriggerSoftware@i command then.
OnDemand Image acquisition triggered by command (software trigger).
"TriggerSelector = AcquisitionActive"
"TriggerMode = On"
"TriggerSource = <desired Line>"
"TriggerActivation = LevelLow"
"ExposureMode = Timed"
OnLowLevel Start an exposure of a frame as long as the trigger input is below the trigger threshold. (No FrameTrigger!)
"TriggerSelector = AcquisitionActive"
"TriggerMode = On"
"TriggerSource = <desired Line>"
"TriggerActivation = LevelHigh"
"ExposureMode = Timed"
OnHighLevel Start an exposure of a frame as long as the trigger input is above the trigger threshold. (No FrameTrigger!)
"TriggerSelector = FrameStart"
"TriggerMode = On"
"TriggerSource = <desired Line>"
"TriggerActivation = FallingEdge"
"ExposureMode = Timed"
OnFallingEdge Each falling edge of trigger signal acquires one image.
"TriggerSelector = FrameStart"
"TriggerMode = On"
"TriggerSource = <desired Line>"
"TriggerActivation = RisingEdge"
"ExposureMode = Timed"
OnRisingEdge Each rising edge of trigger signal acquires one image.
"TriggerSelector = FrameStart"
"TriggerMode = On"
"TriggerSource = <desired Line>"
"TriggerActivation = AnyEdge"
"ExposureMode = Timed"
OnAnyEdge Start the exposure of a frame when the trigger input level changes from high to low or from low to high.

Line Mapping (TriggerSource mvIMPACT Acquire -> TriggerSource GenICam (valid values for <desired Line>)):

TriggerSource mvIMPACT Acquire TriggerSource GenICam(BCX)
GP-IN0 Line4
GP-IN1 Line5

Erase, exposure and readout

All pixels are light sensitive at the same period of time. The whole pixel core is reset simultaneously and after the exposure time all pixel values are sampled together on the storage node inside each pixel. The pixel core is read out line-by-line after exposure.

Note
Exposure and read out cycle is carry-out in serial; that causes that no exposure is possible during read out.

The step width for the exposure time is 1 us.

Image data is then shifted out line-by-line and transferred to memory.

To calculate the maximum frames per second (FPSmax) in snapshot mode you will need following formula:

                                           2             ImageHeight + 10 
FrameTime =  InternalLineLength * ---------------- * (-----------------)
                                  InternalADCClock          1000
                        1
FPS_max =  ----------------------------
            FrameTime + ExposureTime

Line scan mode

The sensor offers also a usage as a line scan sensor. One (gray scale sensor) or two lines (in terms of color sensor) can be selected to be read out of the full line height of 1024 lines. This or these lines are grouped to a pseudo frame of selectable height in the internal buffer of the camera.

The camera then outputs these frames which contain multiples of the same scan line(s) without gaps or interruptions.

To operate in line scan mode, use the following properties:

  1. In "Setting -> Base -> Camera -> GenICam -> Device Control", please change the "Device Scan Type" to "line scan".
  2. In "Setting -> Base -> Camera -> GenICam -> Image Format Control", please set "Width" and "Height". "Height" specifies how often the same line(s) will be used to reach the height of the image.
    Use "Offset X" to shift horizontally the starting point of the exposed line. Use and "Offset Y" to shift the scan line vertically.
    Note
    The sensor will not get faster by windowing in x direction.
  3. Finally, in "Setting -> Base -> Camera -> GenICam -> Acquisition Control", please adapt the "Exposure Time". For high line scan rates the exposure time has to be proportionally low. To achieve the maximum line scan rate of 12.6 kHz (gray scale sensor with rolling shutter) or 10.6 kHz (gray scale sensor with global shutter) the exposure time has to be set to lower than 62us.

You may use longer exposure times at the expense of scanning frequency.

Note
Using more than one line e.g. 20, is like having an area scan with ImageHeight = 20. In line scan mode, the min. ImageHeight is at least 16.
wxPropView settings for line scan usage
Note
You can use either "Continuous" or a trigger mode as "Acquisition Mode" in "Setting -> Base -> Camera -> GenICam -> Acquisition Control". However, if an external (line) trigger will have to be used, it is absolutely required that the external trigger is always present. During a trigger interruption, controlling or communication to the camera is not possible.

Frame rate calculator (area mode)

Note
The calculator returns the max. frame rate supported by the sensor. Please keep in mind that it will depend on the interface and the used image format if this frame rate can be transferred.

Frame rate calculator
Mode: Overlapping exposure and readout
Product: mvBlueCOUGAR-X
Output image bit depth:

Image width: pixels
Image height: pixels
Exposure time: us
Device throughput: Device Sensor Throughput
Device Link Throughput
Link speed:
 
Network MTU (max. value of the device with the smallest MTU):
Frame rate (max): 1/s
 
  

Frame rate calculator (line scan mode)

Frame rate calculator
Mode: Global shutter (free run)
Rolling shutter (free run)
Triggered
Color: Gray scale
Color
Exposure time: us
Frame rate (max): 1000/s
  

Sensor Data

Device Structure

  • CMOS image sensor (Type 1/1.8")
  • Number of effective pixels: 1280 (H) x 1024 (V)
  • Unit cell size: 5.3um (H) x 5.3um (V)

Characteristics

Device Feature And Property List