MATRIX VISION - mvBlueCOUGAR-X/-XD Technical Documentation
Adjusting sensor of camera models -x02d (-1012d)

Introduction

The HDR (High Dynamic Range) mode of the Aptina sensor increases the usable contrast range. This is achieved by dividing the integration time in three phases. The exposure time proportion of the three phases can be set independently.

Functionality

To exceed the typical dynamic range, images are captured at 3 exposure times with given ratios for different exposure times. The figure shows a multiple exposure capture using 3 different exposure times.

Figure 1: Multiple exposure capture using 3 different exposure times
Note
The longest exposure time (T1) represents the Exposure_us parameter you can set in wxPropView.

Afterwards, the signal is fully linearized before going through a compander to be output as a piece-wise linear signal. the next figure shows this.

Figure 2: Piece-wise linear signal

Description

Exposure ratios can be controlled by the program. Two rations are used: R1 = T1/T2 and R2 = T2/T3.

Increasing R1 and R2 will increase the dynamic range of the sensor at the cost of lower signal-to-noise ratio (and vice versa).

Possible settings

Possible settings of the mvBlueCOUGAR-X-x02d in HDR mode are:

  • "mv HDR Enable":
    • "Off": Standard mode
    • "On": HDR mode on, reduced amplification
      • "mv HDR Preset":
        • "mvDualKneePoint0": Fixed setting with exposure-time-ratios: T1 -> T2 ratio / T2 -> T3 ratio
        • "mvDualKneePoint1": 8 / 4
        • "mvDualKneePoint2": 4 / 8
        • "mvDualKneePoint3": 8 / 8
        • "mvDualKneePoint4": 8 / 16
        • "mvDualKneePoint5": 16 / 16
        • "mvDualKneePoint6": 16 / 32
Figure 3: wxPropView - Working with the HDR mode